Chapter 1_The Human Communication Process-14

Chapter 1_The Human Communication Process-14 - COMM107 Oral...

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Unformatted text preview: COMM107 Oral Communication: Principles and Practice The Human Communication Process Lois Lipman Definition of Communication "Communication is a conscious or unconscious, intentional or unintentional process in which feelings and ideas are expressed as verbal and/or nonverbal messages that are sent, received and comprehended" Communication Characteristics Dynamic Continuous Irreversible Interactive Contextual The Communication Process Requires encoding and decoding Communication Environment Source encodes message Receiver decodes message Message carried through channel Feedback The Communication Process Perceptual filter Encoding Channel Decoding The Communication Process Perceptual filter Encoding Channel Decoding Feedback The Communication Process The effect of noise Communication Environment Source encodes message Noise! Receiver cannot decode message Message carried through channel Kinds of Noise Environmental Physiological impairment Semantic Kinds of Noise Environmental Physiological impairment Semantic Syntactical Organizational Cultural Psychological Linear Model Communication Environment Noise Noise Source encodes message Receiver decodes message Noise Message carried through channel Interactional Model Communication Environment Noise Adaptation Noise Source encodes message Receiver decodes message Noise Channel Feedback Transactional Model Communication Environment Noise Noise Encoder Communicator A Decoder Message Noise Encoder Communicator B Decoder Communication and Culture We are all part of many cultures Intracultural communication Intercultural communication Multicultures Age, nationality, gender, sexual orientation, religion, family, allegiances, places Ethnocentrism The belief that one's culture is primary to all explanations of reality What we see as "normal" Natural to an extent Cultural relativism First Amendment Issues Should funeral protests be banned? Should racist speech on campus be permitted? Should I be able to tell you what you can speak about? Ethics Culturally based and culturally determined What does it mean to be an ethical communicator in American culture? What does it mean to be an ethical listener in American culture? ...
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