History of Leadership Adapted 2011

History of - Historical Perspectives on Leadership January 2011 Ramsey G Jabaji University of Maryland Adapted from Dr Thomas E Matthews Leadership

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Historical Perspectives Historical Perspectives on Leadership on Leadership January 2011 Ramsey G. Jabaji University of Maryland Adapted from Dr. Thomas E. Matthews
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Leadership is a(n)… Trait? Ability? Skill? Behavior? Relationship?
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Historical Perspectives on Leadership Sixteen Theories/ Approaches Trait Theories Skills Approach Behavioral/Styles Approach Situational Approach Contingency Approach Path-Goal Theory Leader-Member Exchange Theory Transformational Leadership Team Leadership Collaborative Leadership Followership Relational Model Social Change Model of Leadership Servant Leadership The Leadership Challenge
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How far back should we go? Leadership predates the emergence of humans All vertebrates that live in groups exhibit social organization and leadership Look at the pecking order and dominance effects in primates
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Leadership among hunters & gathers How were the leaders selected? Biggest, strongest, tallest? Were there leaders in the family units? Older, wiser matrons? Anthropologists suggest that even societies without chiefs, rulers, or elected officials have leaders who initiate action
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History: A Study of Leaders From its infancy, the study of history has been the study of leaders--what they did and why they did it. Egyptian hieroglyphics used the symbol Seshemet for leadership, seshemu for leader, and shemsu for follower (5,000 years ago )
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History: A Study of Leaders Chinese classics from the Sixth Century B.C. are filled with advice to the country’s leaders about their responsibilities to the people Ajax symbolized inspirational leadership and law and order in Homer’s Iliad Plato’s Republic looked at the ideal leader of the ideal state (the philosopher king)
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History: A Study of Leaders Machiavelli’s The Prince, 1513 AD, thesis: there is nothing more difficult to take in hand, more perilous to conduct, or more uncertain in its success, than to take the lead in the introduction of a new order of things Napoleon listed 115 qualities that are essentials for a military leader
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History Suggests Leaders Make a Difference Social and political movements require leaders to start the movements. In the beginning there is the leadership act. A leaderless movement is naturally out of the question. Leadership has been a critical factor in military successes since records have been kept.
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Your definitions of leadership Great Man period Trait period Behavioral period Situational period Influence period Reciprocal period Chaos period Beyond 2011?
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Leadership is defined as: An influence relationship among leaders and collaborators who intend real changes that reflect their mutual purposes. (Joseph Rost in Leadership for the Twenty-First Century ) A relational process of people together attempting to accomplish change or make a difference to benefit the
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course ISRL 448L taught by Professor Y.peri during the Spring '12 term at Maryland.

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History of - Historical Perspectives on Leadership January 2011 Ramsey G Jabaji University of Maryland Adapted from Dr Thomas E Matthews Leadership

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