FSW 281 Notes - FSW 281notes cont. Child...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: FSW 281notes cont. Child Development:-sequence of physical, intellectual, and emotional changes that children will undergo throughout their lifespan IV. Theories of Development-theory plays an important role in developmental science-Theory: a broad conceptual frame work to guide the collection and interpretation of facts *Theoretical Perspectives-Developments is approached from several theoretical perspectives-Four Grand Theories-Four Modern Theories *Four Grand Theories 1. Psychodynamic theories 2. Social Learning theories 3.Piaget's Constructivist theory 4.Vygotsky's sociocultural theory-these theories agree with each other, each add own components to build on each other *Psychodynamic Theories-Perspective: Theories exploring the influence on development and developmental stages of the universal biological drives and life experiences of individuals Key Psychodynamic Theorists:-Sigmund Freud--biological factors- psychosexual stages are associated with the changing focus of the sex drive-these stages end in adolescents (while Erikson's theories continue throughout the lifespan)-Erik Erikson (social factors)-In which psychosocial stages are associated with tasks or crises shaped by social and cultural factors-each stage is associated with a particular tasksource on conflict within the person-main challenge in every persons life is their 'quest for identity'....'who am I?' in each and every stage in their life *Social Learning Theories-Perspective: Theories that focus on development as the result of leaning, behavioral changes resulting from the individual's forming associations between behavior and consequences-example: rewarding a child for using the bathroom during potty training-rewards, reinforce, punishment affecting behavior *Key Learning Theorists John B. Watson- creates fear in the child and tries to remove that fear (mask) B.F. Skinner-operant conditioningbehavior is shaped by consequences Albert Bandura-modeling-Proposed self-efficacy -Persons own beliefs about how they deal with their own environment *Piaget's Constructivist Theory-One of the most influential people in child development science-Piaget's theorycognitive development results from children's active construction of reality based on their experiences with the world-emphasized childrens active role in shaping their own cognitive development-children do not discover, but actively construct reality on the basis of their experiences with the world (constructivist theory)-Concepts:-universal stages of cognitive developmentPiaget believed that children progress through a series of similar cognitive development-changes in schemas through adaption:-over time, as children interact with their environment, they change, strengthen or transform their schemas through adaptation (assimilation and accommodation)-a schema is the most basic unit of cognitive functions:-a schema is a mental structure that provides a model for understanding the world-children are actively constructing the world around them over time...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course FSW 281 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

Page1 / 15

FSW 281 Notes - FSW 281notes cont. Child...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online