FSW 281 Notes-Exam 2

FSW 281 Notes-Exam 2 - FSW 281- Exam 2 Material Chapter 5...

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FSW 281- Exam 2 Material Chapter 5 I. Physical Growth -During the first year, babies: -triple in weight -grow about 10 inches -changes in body proportions -70% of body length/ weight -by age one—20% of body length -by 12 months, the baby is walking—so their body proportions are evening out -gender differences -girls mature faster -before birth, a baby girl is 3 weeks more advances than a male (skeletal development) -a birth, it is 4-6 weeks advanced -during puberty, they are 2 years more advanced than a boy *Musculoskeletal System -Bones ossify (harden) -increase in muscle mass II. Brain Development -increased myelination of neurons -development of prefrontal cortex -growth of language-related areas -increased synchrony among the brain areas *Brain and Behavior -As a result, -more systematic problem solving -voluntary control of behavior -acquisition of language -‘brining up brainy babies’ -‘baby einstines’ -video’s that stimulate the babies brain -Effects of prolonged deprivation -example: studies of Romanian orphans -orphanage left babies in their cribs too much -after 7.5 years, the children had cognitive and intellectual impairment -6 months is the breaking point for a child’s impairment (something to think about if adopting a baby) -Effects of lack of experience -Experience-expectant -the brain expects to be stimulated -they develop in response to these experiences -Experience-dependent -own unique individual experiences in how you develop in response to your experiences
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-Fine motor skills -development and coordination of small muscles (fingers, eyes) -Gross motor skills -the large muscles that make motion possible for the body -Cultural Influence *Fine Motor Skills -involve the development and coordination of small muscles -reaching and grasping -will have down by 9 months -manual dexterity -major milestones -important because they are a good guide to the development of a child -delays in milestones could illustrate problems -pincer grip takes a year to develop (thumb and index finger) -by age 2 -babies feed and dress themselves -teaches the baby fine motor skills -turn book pages -cut paper -string beads -stack blocks *Gross motor skills -involve the large muscles of the body and make locomotion possible -crawling -by 8 to 10 months -wariness of heights -visual cliff -walking -cultural variations *Control of Elimination -maturation of sensory pathways -from reflex to control -must learn to associate sensory signals with need to eliminate -when to “hold it” -need to have control of the reflex -cultural influences -potty training -need to be around bathroom every 45 minutes -can use rewards system for when they go to the bathroom -easiest around the age of 2 IV. Cognitive Development: The Great Debate -When does conceptual understanding begin? 1. Piaget’s explanation
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FSW 281 Notes-Exam 2 - FSW 281- Exam 2 Material Chapter 5...

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