fsw261- notes on ch 10-15

Fsw261 notes on ch - Family Studies Chapter 10 To Parenthood or Not to Parenthood Fertility Trends in US Fertility rate is down Women having

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Family Studies Chapter 10: To Parenthood or Not to Parenthood Fertility Trends in US Fertility rate is down Women having children later o 2004- 19% of women without children o Twice the percentage of 1976 Long term patter began with industrialization o Women’s employment o Infant mortality rates down Family Size Two-child family is commonly preferred o 2004: only 11% of women had 4+ children o Yet… John and Kate plus 8 and the Duggers Differential Fertility Rates More highly educated and well-off families have fewer children o 21% of women without high school have 4+ children o 3% of women with Bachelor’s degree had 4+ children o Their children are more expensive o Have other options/ focuses on other things Beliefs and values can vary across religious, ethnic/racial, cultural groups o Latinos/ Hispanics have highest fertility rates o Lowest: Native American/Alaskan Natives 2005: 1.7% Social Pressure to Have Children Pronatalist Bias o Having children taken for granted o Not having children must be justified Is American society Antinatalist o Structural on antinatalist Conditions in society: parents and children insufficiently supported o US children more likely to be poor o US ranks 20 th out of 21 in over child well being Motivation for Parenthood Past : economic asset Now : economic liabilities Emotional significance increased o “Value of children perspective” Costs of having children
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o Direct costs Decrease parents’ standard of living 2001- average cost $ 231,470 until 18 for middle income families o First year average : $10,000 Delivery Vaginal : $5,000-$8,000 C-section: $ 12,000+ Diapers: $1,200/yr Feeding: $500/yr Childcare: $1,100 /month o Opportunity costs Economic Social How Children Affect Marital Relationship Stabilize marriage Lower marital satisfaction o Declines overtime anyway o Especially if no cooperative parenting Arrival of child less disruptive when: o Parents get along well o Strong commitment to parenting Remaining Child Free 2001 survey : More than 70% of women said “no” to the question does a women need to experience motherhood to have a complete life Choosing to be Childfree 2002: 6% of American women
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course FSW 261 taught by Professor Newlin during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

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Fsw261 notes on ch - Family Studies Chapter 10 To Parenthood or Not to Parenthood Fertility Trends in US Fertility rate is down Women having

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