Final outline - Chapter 1 Ecology: interdisciplinary branch...

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Chapter 1 Ecology : interdisciplinary branch of biology that examines interrelationships between organisms and their environment To understand parent child relations, must examine context of various environments o Need for parenting education Parent to child relationship is most significant and intimate relationships Contemporary ideas are result of evolution of ideas and concepts over time Parenthood is a developmental role that changes over time, in response to changing developmental needs of children Parental behavior plays an important role (not completely) in influencing children’s development Media sometimes depicts parenthood in unrealistic ways. People may be influenced by such wrong depictions o Concepts of parenthood Idea of parenthood referred singularly to reproduction in a family setting Advances in technology that reproduction in labs and embryo transfers Parents are responsible for nurturing, teaching, and acting as guardians for child Infants and children have long period of dependency on adults due to immaturity in brain Parents teach child how to behave, a process called socialization : learning how to conform to the conventional ways of behavior in society o Characteristics of parenthood and parent-child relations Unidirectional model of socialization : flow of information and teachings is solely from parent to child Traditional view Bidirectional model : adults and children influence one another as their relationship experiences developmental changes over time Contemporary view The relationship between parents and children is a subsystem of the larger social system we call family Main priority of the relationship of parent to child is to nurture Parenthood is a developmental role Parenthood is a social construct, having different meanings, ascribed behaviors, and values People who are not parents may be devalued by societies in which parenthood is valued o Historical changes in parent-child relations Basic contextual nature of parenting children probably HAS NOT changed over time
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Changes have occurred in the ways appropriate parenting behavior has been defined and conducted Ancient Rome and Greece Childhood commenced at birth and ended at 5-7 years. A child then assumed the behaviors and expectations of an adult Infants that were deformed, weakly, or undesired were left out, drowned, suffocated Education was for the benefit of the state Women and children were property of adult male The middle ages to renaissance Several generations live together Assimilation to adult world: 5-7 years old Education came from observing adult male Parenting was not a high priority Colonial America: 1600-1800 Stern, strict parenting Rigorous moral training Parents thought they had to bring child to religious salvation Children were squarely in hands of parent Industrial revolution era 1800-1860
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course FSW 281 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

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Final outline - Chapter 1 Ecology: interdisciplinary branch...

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