FSW Notes - -Middle Ages Children's education based solely...

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1/18/11 -Middle Ages: Children’s education based solely on the model of adults -Colonial America: stern discipline, children were seen as bad and evil by nature, common school movement took place - Industrial Revolution: -Calvinism: parents responsibility to determine how child turns out (parenting becomes very important), rise of urbanization -Environmentalism: break from authoritarianism, John Locke-parents choose how children turn out depending on their parenting structure, wide range of experience -Early Developmentalism: no physical punishment, positive reinforcements, different developmental stages in child’s life and parents should respond based on those stages -Early 20 th Century: more permissive form of parenting, rise of psychology in parenting, rise of the expert in child development, growth of media, some return to authoritarian parenting style (Watson), conflicting ideas, first time when children have rights in Western society -Current Trends: explaining negative things, reinforcing positive things, permissive form of parenting, huge rise in media culture *Diagram in book about Parental Role Behaviors Chapter 2: Cultural Perspectives Introduction: Parent-child relations take place within and are influenced by the contexts of family ecological factors or systems -examples of these include ethnic identity, religious background, socioeconomic status, and so on -middle class/working class: sell labor for wages -these systems comprise a larger concept called culture *The Role of Culture in Parent-Child Relations -the most significant context in which parent-child relations take place is the cultural context -this social construct defines what families value and believe to be important that guides behavior of all members -examples: race, gender -the values of a family belief system are derived from cultural factors which are taught by their parents -parents transmit values to children through culture -dominant culture plays a factor - Culture may be defined in several ways -in the perspective applied to parent-child relations, culture may be observed in those values that are taught to children as well as in the ways that a family raises children to adulthood - subcultures also are observed that have distinct values and ways of child rearing -ways children educate their children, religion, region based culture, ect. -Two cultural concepts are reflected in parent-child relations that influence interactions and what children are taught to value: Individualism is valued in those cultures where the person is important as well as what she/he can accomplish on their own. Personal identity and self-expression are also valued in these cultures Collectivism is valued in other cultures that emphasize interdependence between a person and their community (Know characteristics/differences)
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-we want to avoid ethnocentrism—the thought that your ethnic group is superior, and others do no play an importance - Socialization -refers to the ways that parents (and others) teach children what they need to know to
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course FSW 281 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

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FSW Notes - -Middle Ages Children's education based solely...

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