Jefferson - did not have a judicial system(national courts...

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Jefferson’s Wise Words The second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence contains perhaps the most famous words in American history: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” An inalienable right is a right that all people in the world have that no one can take away. Jefferson’s argument lays the foundation for American thinking about civil rights and liberties: Any infringement on our rights is an affront to natural law. The Articles of Confederation The Second Continental Congress also wrote a constitution to create a new national government. The Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation, which took effect in 1781 during the war. The national government under the Articles of Confederation consisted of a single legislative body called Congress in which each state received one vote. All congressional decisions required a unanimous vote. The government under the Articles
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Unformatted text preview: did not have a judicial system (national courts) or an executive (such as a president). As a result, each state had a significant degree of sovereignty and autonomy. The national government under the Articles remained in effect until 1789. Under the Articles, Congress was empowered to do the following: • Declare war and make peace • Establish armed forces • Make treaties • Govern western lands owned by the United States • Borrow money Congress lacked a number of key powers, though. It could not collect taxes, compel the states to fund the war, contribute troops, or enforce cooperation. Chaos ensued as the various states fought with one another. Nevertheless, Congress achieved two notable successes: • Negotiating and signing the Treaty of Paris (1783) to end the Revolutionary War • Passing the Northwest Ordinances (1787) to create a system for admitting new states to the Union...
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course POS POS2112 taught by Professor Leslietaylor during the Winter '09 term at Broward College.

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