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LANDMARK SUPREME COURT CASES

LANDMARK SUPREME COURT CASES - Bush v Gore 2000 Decided the...

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LANDMARK SUPREME COURT CASES Case Date Significance Marbury v. Madison 1803 Courts assumed the power of judicial review (the power to declare laws unconstitutional) McCulloch v. Maryland 1819 Granted the federal government broad powers through the necessary and proper clause Dred Scott v. Sanford 1857 Forcibly returned a slave to his owner in the South and thus increased tensions over slavery Plessy v. Ferguson 1896 Ruled that “separate but equal” was constitutional; legalized segregation and Jim Crow laws Brown v. Board of Education 1954 Overturned Plessy; declared segregation unconstitutional Mapp v. Ohio 1961 Expanded the exclusionary rule to cover state courts Gideon v. Wainwright 1963 Ruled that the government must supply a lawyer to those who cannot afford one Miranda v. Arizona 1966 Ruled that police must inform people they are about to question of their right against self-incrimination Roe v. Wade 1973 Legalized abortions in the first trimester of pregnancy
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Unformatted text preview: Bush v. Gore 2000 Decided the 2000 presidential election by ruling that the Florida Supreme Court was wrong in ordering a recount Courts of Appeals The U.S. Courts of Appeals hear cases from federal district courts that have been appealed. The United States has twelve Courts of Appeals, each of which covers a circuit, a geographic area containing several district courts. For this reason, the Courts of Appeals are also known as circuit courts. When a party appeals a decision made in a district court, a circuit court reviews the details of the case. The Courts of Appeals do not hold trials; if a new trial is warranted, the Courts of Appeals send the case back to the district court. Courts of Appeals will not review all cases that have been appealed. Cases only get reviewed for a good reason, such as if the ruling discarded precedent....
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  • Winter '09
  • LeslieTaylor
  • Government, Supreme Court of the United States, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Federal District Courts, Courts of Appeals, Significance Courts

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