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Aztec Tribute ExerciseASB 337EXERCISE 7
Aztec TributeThe Triple Alliance (i.e. the Aztecs) presided over a large tribute empire, which was centered at Tenochtitlan. By 1502, during the rule of Moteczuma the Younger, the empire was collecting tribute from the tropical forests of the Gulf Coast to the beaches of the Pacific Ocean. Aztec merchants had even opened trade to areas of Guatemala, likely in preparation for further conquests. The Aztec collection of tribute was not merely for material gain, though. It was an active and vital part of their imperial strategy.Read the information below on Aztec use of tributary and strategic provinces. Then, use the “Aztec Tribute Handout,” as well as the “Aztec Tribute Item Key,” to answer the four questions listed below.PART I - IMPERIAL PROVINCESBACKGROUNDAztec imperial strategies led to the creation of two types of provinces in the outer empire:tributaryprovinces and strategicprovinces (Berdan 1996, Smith 2003). Tributary provinces were groups of adjacent, conquered city-states that provided regular tribute andtrade. Records of these provinces and their tribute were kept at imperial capitals. The listsof tribute in two codices, the Matricula de Tributos and the Codex Mendoza, allow us to identify these tributary provinces. Strategic provinces were conquered client-states that could help maintain the borders of the Aztec Empire against enemies in lieu of paying regular tribute. These provinces were not listed in the tribute rolls, but are gathered from lists of Aztec conquests and other sources.QUESTIONS