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MAJOR EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE UNITED STATES Date Event 1607 First permanent British colony at Jamestown, Virginia 1620 Pilgrims land in Massachusetts 1620–1732 Founding of the thirteen colonies; colonists govern themselves and develop idea of limited government 1641 Massachusetts Body of Liberties passed; it protects rights of individuals 1764 Sugar Act taxes sugar 1765 Stamp Act taxes a variety of goods 1770 Boston Massacre 1773 Boston Tea Party 1775 Revolutionary War begins 1776 Second Continental Congress convenes; Declaration of Independence is written 1781 Ratification of the Articles of Confederation 1783 Treaty of Paris ends the Revolutionary War 1786 Shays’ Rebellion begins in western Massachusetts 1786 Annapolis Convention calls on Congress to convene a meeting to fix the Articles 1787 Constitutional Convention 1787–1789 Battle to ratify the Constitution 1789 Constitution ratified; the new United States government takes power Declaring Independence The first attempt at national government arose during the Revolutionary War (1775–1783). State governments sent
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Unformatted text preview: representatives to the Second Continental Congress in 1776 to organize American efforts immediately before and during the Revolutionary War. Instead of merely demanding better treatment as British subjects, the congress decided to fight for full independence. The Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence in 1776 to formally break away from Great Britain and to justify the Revolutionary War. According to the Declaration, “all men are created equal” and certain rights and liberties cannot be denied to people. Among those rights is self-government: The people must consent to the government for it to be legitimate. Because the British government had repeatedly abused the rights of the colonists and ignored their wishes, the colonists were no longer obligated to obey the government....
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course POS POS2112 taught by Professor Leslietaylor during the Winter '09 term at Broward College.

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