Restrictions In some trials, judges issue gag orders, which restrict what journalists can report about the trial. Prior restraint is a governmental act that stops the publication of materials thought to be damaging or slanderous; in recent years, the government has had a difficult time exercising prior restraint. Example: In 1971, the Nixon Administration tried to prevent the New York Times from publishing classified documents called the Pentagon Papers that detailed how the government waged the Vietnam War. The Supreme Court argued that the government could not block the publication of the Pentagon Papers because otherwise the government would be determining what newspapers can and cannot publish. Freedom of Religion The First Amendment includes two clauses that ensure freedom of religion: 1. The free exercise clause: Congress cannot forbid the practice of any religions. 2. The establishment clause: Congress cannot make laws that establish specific religions as state religions. Separation of Church and State
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