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Shays - stronger The Constitutional Convention Delegates...

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Shays’ Rebellion Facing large debts and heavy taxes, some farmers in western Massachusetts led by Daniel Shays rebelled in 1786 shortly after the end of the Revolutionary War. Compounding their frustrations was the substantial back pay owed to the veterans of the war. The governor of Massachusetts asked Congress to help quell Shays’ Rebellion, but Congress could not help because it had no army and could not convince the other states to send troops. Even though Massachusetts soldiers managed to defeat Shays and his followers, the rebellion helped convince some Americans that national government was too weak: It could not enforce its authority and could not coerce the individual states to work for the common good of the nation. The Annapolis Convention Frustrated by Shays’ Rebellion, a conference of delegates from five states convened in Annapolis in fall 1786. The Annapolis Convention called on Congress to send officials to Philadelphia to revise the Articles to make Congress
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Unformatted text preview: stronger. The Constitutional Convention Delegates from eleven of the thirteen colonies gathered in Philadelphia in May 1787 to revise the Articles. Instead, however, delegates at the Constitutional Convention (sometimes called the Philadelphia Convention ) quickly decided to scrap the Articles and write a document that created an entirely new, stronger national government. The Cincinnati As the delegates gathered to change the government, a group of disgruntled veteran officers also met in Philadelphia. Calling themselves “the Cincinnati” (after a public-minded Roman hero), the veterans hoped that George Washington would join them and take control of the government. Washington’s refusal to attend the meeting, let alone lead a rebellion, was an important moment: Washington carried a lot of influence, so his support legitimized the Constitutional Convention and delegitimized splinter groups such as the Cincinnati....
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