SIGNIFICANT ISSUES AND COMPROMISES

SIGNIFICANT ISSUES AND COMPROMISES - The New Jersey Plan...

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SIGNIFICANT ISSUES AND COMPROMISES Issue Compromise Representation in the national legislature Great Compromise Slavery Three-Fifths Compromise Presidential elections Electoral College Representation and the Great Compromise Delegates debated extensively about how the people and the states would be represented in the national legislature. Most delegates favored one of two representation schemes: The Virginia Plan: Favored representation based on population. Delegates from the large states supported this plan because it would give them a great deal of power. Representatives from small states, however, rejected the plan because they would have fewer seats than the larger states and consequently less power. The New Jersey Plan: Proposed giving each state equal representation in the legislature. Delegates from smaller states supported the New Jersey Plan because they believed that all states should have equal power, regardless of population. Supremacy Clause
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Unformatted text preview: The New Jersey Plan also advocated the supremacy doctrine, the idea that national law has priority over state law. This doctrine was later included in the Constitution in the supremacy clause (Article VI), which states that the Constitution and the laws Congress passes have more weight than state and local laws. For a time, the delegates debate over representation threatened to wreck the convention entirely. To save the convention, delegates compromised. The Great Compromise created a bicameral (composed of two houses) Congress. The upper house, called the Senate, would consist of two delegates from each state, regardless of size or population. Representation in the lower house, called the House of Representatives, would be apportioned according to the population of each state: The larger the state, the more representatives in the House. Both sides got some of what they wanted, and the Congress was created....
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