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Unformatted text preview: The New Jersey Plan also advocated the supremacy doctrine, the idea that national law has priority over state law. This doctrine was later included in the Constitution in the supremacy clause (Article VI), which states that the Constitution and the laws Congress passes have more weight than state and local laws. For a time, the delegates debate over representation threatened to wreck the convention entirely. To save the convention, delegates compromised. The Great Compromise created a bicameral (composed of two houses) Congress. The upper house, called the Senate, would consist of two delegates from each state, regardless of size or population. Representation in the lower house, called the House of Representatives, would be apportioned according to the population of each state: The larger the state, the more representatives in the House. Both sides got some of what they wanted, and the Congress was created....
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- Winter '09