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Unformatted text preview: Slavery and the Three-Fifths Compromise Delegates also debated about how slavery should affect representation in the House of Representatives. Roughly 90 percent of slaves in 1787 lived in the South and accounted for about 30 percent of the southern population. Southern delegates wanted slaves to be counted as people only when determining representation in Congress because a larger population meant more representatives and therefore more political power. Northern delegates opposed this view, however, and did not want slaves to be counted as people when determining a states population. According to the Three-Fifths Compromise, which resolved the dispute, slaves would be counted as three-fifths of a person when apportioning seats in the House of Representatives. Effects of the Three-Fifths Compromise The Three-Fifths Compromise was probably necessary to keep the states together as a united country. Had slavery been banned outright, southern states would probably have walked out of the convention, possibly leading to the...
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- Winter '09