The Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement - without due process of law. 3....

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The Civil Rights Movement Slavery was legal in roughly half of the states up until the Civil War. After the war ended, the Constitution was amended three times to end slavery and ban discrimination against blacks. But discrimination and segregation did not end until the significant Supreme Court cases of the 1950s. Reconstruction Amendments (1865–1870) Adopted between 1865 and 1870, the Reconstruction Amendments to the Constitution form the legal basis for the protection of civil rights: The Thirteenth Amendment (1865) makes slavery and involuntary service illegal. The Fourteenth Amendment (1868) declares that anyone born in the United States is a citizen of both the United States and of the state in which the person resides; it also contains three key clauses: 1. The privileges and immunities clause states that no state can be deprive a citizen of the privileges and immunities of citizenship. 2. The due process clause states that no person can be deprived of life, liberty, or property
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Unformatted text preview: without due process of law. 3. The equal protection clause declares that all citizens have the equal protection of the law. The Fifteenth Amendment (1870) declares that no person, including former slaves, can be denied the right to vote on the basis of race Early Civil Rights Laws (1860s1870s) To supplement the Reconstruction Amendments, Congress passed several civil rights laws in the 1860s and 1870s. These laws gave the president the authority to use the military to enforce civil rights for blacks and made it illegal for states to restrict voting along racial lines. The NAACP (19091940s) The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded in 1909. Energetic and talented lawyers such as Thurgood Marshall (later the first African American Supreme Court justice) began fighting racial segregation and discrimination via the courts....
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course POS POS2112 taught by Professor Leslietaylor during the Winter '09 term at Broward College.

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