The Constitution

The Constitution - of government to check each other....

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The Constitution Thirty-nine delegates approved the Constitution on September 17, 1787. The final product of the convention is a short document that lays the foundation for a new government. The Father of the Constitution Although many people contributed to the creation of the Constitution, James Madison played a special role. The Madisonian model of government focuses on dispersing power among several branches and establishing constitutional safeguards to prevent any single person or group of people from controlling the government. He outlined this philosophy in an essay now known as Federalist No. 10 (1787). Madison worked closely with other delegates to shape the final document; for this reason, he is sometimes called the “Father of the Constitution.” Limits on Power Even though the framers sought to expand the powers of the national government, they did not want the government to be too powerful. So the framers limited governmental power with the following: Federalism: The division of power between the federal government and the states allows the different levels
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Unformatted text preview: of government to check each other. Specificity: The Constitution grants specific powers to the president, Congress, the states, and the people and explicitly denies them of some other powers. Checks and balances: The framers balanced the power of the government among three separate and independent branches so that no one branch can dominate the others. Further, each branch of government has some specific power to check or limit the power of the others: The president can veto (prevent from becoming law) acts of Congress, Congress can override presidential vetoes, and the Supreme Court has assumed the power of judicial review. The Bill of Rights: The first ten amendments to the Constitution make up the Bill of Rights, which guarantees some fundamental legal rights to all Americans, including the freedoms of speech, assembly, press, and religion. Rules for elections: The Constitution ensures that states and the voters have the power to change the government....
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course POS POS2112 taught by Professor Leslietaylor during the Winter '09 term at Broward College.

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