The Longest Filibuster

The Longest Filibuster - There are four major types of...

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The Longest Filibuster Filibusters are the stuff of legend, in part because of the movie Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939), in which actor Jimmy Stewart plays the part of a senator who filibusters against corrupt senators. Former senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina holds the record for the longest filibuster: twenty-four hours and eighteen minutes against a civil rights bill in 1957. Committees: Little Legislatures Members of Congress serve on a number of committees and subcommittees. Committees are sometimes called little legislatures because of the influence they wield. These committees do most of the legislative work in Congress and therefore have great power in determining which bills get reviewed and in shaping the laws that are passed. Only after a committee has reviewed a bill does the whole body deliberate and vote on it. The committee system allows Congress to operate more efficiently through division of labor and specialization. Types of Committees
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Unformatted text preview: There are four major types of congressional committees: 1. Standing committees: The most common type of committee, standing committees deal with issues of permanent legislative concern. Standing committees also handle the vast majority of legislation. Most standing committees have subcommittees covering more specific areas of an issue. 2. Conference committees: A very common kind of joint committee with members from both the House and the Senate. For a bill to become law, both houses must approve identical versions. When different versions are passed, the leaders create a conference committee to reconcile the differences between the two bills. Conference committees issue a single bill for both houses to vote on. 3. Select committees: Select committees are created for a limited period and for a specific purpose. 4. Joint committees: Joint committees consist of members of both houses, usually created to deal with a specific issue....
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