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Unformatted text preview: first be approved by both the House and the Senate. The bill then goes to the president, who either signs it or vetoes it. Congress can override the presidents veto with a two-thirds vote in both houses. 2. The power of the purse: Only Congress can tax citizens and spend money raised by taxes. The Senate has some additional powers: It confirms presidential appointments to key federal offices, including federal judgeships. The Senate also ratifies all treaties. The Constitution also lists prohibited powers, or things Congress may not do, including: Passing an ex post facto law, which makes something illegal after it has already been done Passing a bill of attainder, which declares a person guilty of a crime Suspending the writ of habeas corpus, which requires police to charge everyone they arrest. Congress can only suspended this writ during times of national emergency....
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- Winter '09