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Unformatted text preview: or practiced any of their culture. In fact, because of her husbands less-than-average economic standing and less than refined manners, he is more likely to say hes white trash when asked about his race (172). Biss also references the troubles that Irish immigrants had in the United States with employment in order to prove that race serves a solely social purpose. When the Irish first began to arrive in America, they competed with free black for jobs or used as an expendable workforce for work that was too dangerous for slaves (175). It did not matter if the Irish immigrants were white, they were still seen in the same socio-economic class as African Americans. Biss quotes the writer Sherman Alexie to show that, in the eyes of members of the highest socio-economic (ruling) class, everybody in the working-class are actually working-class blacks (174)....
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- Fall '11