AP7_Lecture_Ch02

AP7_Lecture_Ch02 - Comer, Abnormal Psychology , 7e Slides...

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Unformatted text preview: Comer, Abnormal Psychology , 7e Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. Northampton Community College Research in Abnormal Psychology Chapter 2 2 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Research in Abnormal Psychology Research is the systematic search for facts through the use of careful observations and investigations It is particularly important (and challenging) in the field of abnormal psychology Only by rigorously testing a theory or technique on representative groups of individuals can clinicians evaluate the accuracy, effectiveness, and safety of their ideas and techniques 3 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Research in Abnormal Psychology Clinical researchers face certain challenges that make their investigations particularly difficult: Measuring unconscious motives Assessing private thoughts Monitoring mood changes Calculating human potential Clinical researchers must consider the cultural backgrounds, races, and genders of the people they study They must always ensure that the rights of their research participants, both human and animal, are not violated 4 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e What Do Clinical Researchers Do? Clinical researchers try to discover universal laws, or principles, of abnormal psychological functioning: Search for nomothetic understanding General or universal laws or truths Do not typically assess, diagnose, or treat individual clients Rely on the scientific method to pinpoint relationships among variables They systematically collect and evaluate information through careful observations Use three methods of investigation to form and test hypotheses 5 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e The Case Study Provides a detailed, interpretative description of a persons life and psychological problems Can be a source of new ideas about behavior Freuds theories based mainly on case studies May offer tentative support for a theory May challenge a theorys assumptions May inspire new therapeutic techniques May offer opportunities to study unusual problems 6 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e The Case Study Has limitations: Reported by biased observers Relies on subjective evidence Has low internal validity Provides little basis for generalization Has low external validity These limitations are addressed by the two other methods of investigation 7 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e The Correlational Method and The Experimental Method Do not offer richness of detail Do allow researchers to draw broad conclusions Preferred method of clinical investigation Typically involve observing many individuals Researchers apply procedures uniformly...
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course 830 340 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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AP7_Lecture_Ch02 - Comer, Abnormal Psychology , 7e Slides...

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