AP7_Lecture_Ch04

AP7_Lecture_Ch04 - Comer Abnormal Psychology 7e Slides&...

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Unformatted text preview: Comer, Abnormal Psychology , 7e Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. Northampton Community College Clinical Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment Chapter 4 2 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Clinical Assessment: How and Why Does the Client Behave Abnormally? • Assessment is collecting relevant information in an effort to reach a conclusion • Clinical assessment is used to determine how and why a person is behaving abnormally and how that person may be helped • Focus is idiographic (i.e., on an individual person) • Also may be used to evaluate treatment progress 3 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Clinical Assessment: How and Why Does the Client Behave Abnormally? • The specific tools used in an assessment depend on the clinician’s theoretical orientation • Hundreds of clinical assessment tools have been developed and fall into three categories: • Clinical interviews • Tests • Observations 4 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Characteristics of Assessment Tools • To be useful, assessment tools must be standardized and have clear reliability and validity • To standardize a technique is to set up common steps to be followed whenever it is administered • One must standardize administration, scoring, and interpretation 5 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Characteristics of Assessment Tools • Reliability refers to the consistency of a test • A good test will always yield the same results in the same situation • Two main types: • Test–retest reliability – yields the same results every time it is given to the same people • Interrater reliability – different judges independently agree on how to score and interpret a particular test 6 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Characteristics of Assessment Tools • Validity refers to the accuracy of a test’s results • A good test must accurately measure what it is supposed to measure • Three specific types: • Face validity – a test appears to measure what it is supposed to measure; does not necessarily indicate true validity • Predictive validity – a test accurately predicts future characteristics or behavior • Concurrent validity – a test’s results agree with independent measures assessing similar characteristics or behavior 7 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Clinical Interviews • These face-to-face encounters often are the first contact between a client and a clinician/assessor • Used to collect detailed information, especially personal history, about a client • Allow the interviewer to focus on whatever topics they consider most important • Focus depends on theoretical orientation 8 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Clinical Interviews...
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AP7_Lecture_Ch04 - Comer Abnormal Psychology 7e Slides&...

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