AP7_Lecture_Ch05

AP7_Lecture_Ch05 - Anxiety Disorders Chapter 5 Slides &...

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Comer,  Abnormal Psychology , 7e Northampton Community College Anxiety Disorders Chapter 5
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2 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Anxiety What distinguishes fear from anxiety? Fear is a state of immediate alarm in response to a  serious, known threat to one’s well-being Anxiety is a state of alarm in response to a vague  sense of threat or danger Both have the same physiological features –  increase in respiration, perspiration, muscle  tension, etc.
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3 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Anxiety Is the fear/anxiety response adaptive? Yes, when the “fight or flight” response is  protective However, when it is triggered by “inappropriate”  situations, or when it is too severe or long-lasting,  this response can be disabling Can lead to the development of anxiety disorders
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4 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Anxiety Disorders Most common mental disorders in the U.S. In any given year, 18% of the adult population in the U.S. experiences  one of the six DSM-IV-TR anxiety disorders Close to 29% develop one of the disorders at some point in their lives Only one-fifth of these individuals seek treatment Most individuals with one anxiety disorder also suffer from a  second disorder Anxiety disorders cost $42 billion each year in health care  expenses, lost wages, and lost productivity
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5 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Anxiety Disorders Six disorders: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) Phobias Panic disorder Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Acute stress disorder Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
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6 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Characterized by excessive anxiety under most  circumstances and worry about practically anything Often called “free-floating” anxiety Symptoms include: feeling restless, keyed up, or on  edge; fatigue; difficulty concentrating; muscle  tension, and/or sleep problems Symptoms must last at least six months
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7 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e
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8 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) The disorder is common in Western society Affects ~3% of the population in any given year and ~6% at some time  during their lives Usually first appears in childhood or adolescence Women are diagnosed more often than men by a 2:1 ratio Around one-quarter of those with GAD are currently in  treatment A variety of theories have been offered to explain the  development of the disorder…
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9 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e GAD: The Sociocultural Perspective According to this theory, GAD is most likely to develop in  people faced with social conditions that truly are dangerous
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AP7_Lecture_Ch05 - Anxiety Disorders Chapter 5 Slides &...

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