AP7_Lecture_Ch06

AP7_Lecture_Ch06 - Comer, Abnormal Psychology , 7e Slides...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Comer, Abnormal Psychology , 7e Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. Northampton Community College Stress Disorders Chapter 6 2 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Stress, Coping, and the Anxiety Response • The state of stress has two components: • Stressor – event that creates demands • Stress response – person’s reactions to the demands • Influenced by how we appraise both the event and our capacity to react to the event effectively • People who sense that they have the ability and resources to cope are more likely to take stressors in stride and respond constructively 3 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Stress, Coping, and the Anxiety Response • When we appraise a stressor as threatening, the natural reaction is fear • Fear is a “package” of responses that are physical, emotional, and cognitive • Stress reactions, and the fear they produce, are often at play in psychological disorders • People who experience a large number of stressful events are particularly vulnerable to the onset of anxiety and other psychological disorders 4 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Stress, Coping, and the Anxiety Response • Stress also plays a more central role in certain psychological disorders, including: • Acute stress disorder • Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) • Technically, DSM-IV-TR lists these patterns as anxiety disorders • …as well as certain physical disorders, called psychophysiological disorders • These disorders are listed in the DSM-IV-TR under “psychological factors affecting medical condition” 5 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Stress and Arousal: The Fight-or-Flight Response • The features of arousal and fear are set in motion by the hypothalamus • Two important systems are activated: • Autonomic nervous system (ANS) • An extensive network of nerve fibers that connect the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) to all other organs of the body • Endocrine system • A network of glands throughout the body that release hormones 6 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Stress and Arousal: The Fight-or-Flight Response • There are two pathways, or routes, by which the ANS and the endocrine system produce arousal and fear reactions: • Sympathetic nervous system pathway • Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal pathway 7 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Stress and Arousal: The Fight-or-Flight Response • When we face a dangerous situation, the hypothalamus first excites the sympathetic nervous system, which stimulates key organs either directly or indirectly • When the perceived danger passes, the parasympathetic nervous system helps return body processes to normal 8 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e 9...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course 830 340 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 66

AP7_Lecture_Ch06 - Comer, Abnormal Psychology , 7e Slides...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online