AP7_Lecture_Ch08

AP7_Lecture_Ch08 - Comer, Abnormal Psychology , 7e Slides...

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Unformatted text preview: Comer, Abnormal Psychology , 7e Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. Northampton Community College Mood Disorders Chapter 8 2 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Mood Disorders • Two key emotions on a continuum: • Depression • Low, sad state in which life seems dark and its challenges overwhelming • Mania • State of breathless euphoria or frenzied energy 3 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Mood Disorders • Most people with a mood disorder experience only depression • This pattern is called unipolar depression • Person has no history of mania • Mood returns to normal when depression lifts • Others experience periods of mania that alternate with periods of depression • This pattern is called bipolar disorder • One might logically expect a third pattern – unipolar mania, in which people suffer from mania only – but this pattern is uncommon 4 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Mood Disorders • Mood disorders have always captured people’s interest • Millions of people have mood disorders • Economic costs of mood disorders amount to more than $80 billion each year • The human suffering is incalculable 5 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Unipolar Depression • The term “depression” is often used to describe general sadness or unhappiness • This loose use of the term confuses a normal mood swing with a clinical syndrome • Clinical depression can bring severe and long- lasting psychological pain that may intensify over time 6 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e How Common Is Unipolar Depression? • Almost 7% of adults in the U.S. suffer from severe unipolar depression in any given year • As many as 5% suffer from mild forms • The prevalence is similar in Canada, England, France, and many other countries • Approximately 17% of all adults experience unipolar depression at some time in their lives • The risk of experiencing this problem has increased steadily since 1915 7 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e How Common Is Unipolar Depression? • Women are at least twice as likely as men to experience severe unipolar depression • Lifetime prevalence: 26% of women vs. 12% of men • Among children, the prevalence is similar among boys and girls • These rates hold true across socioeconomic classes and ethnic groups • Approximately 50% recover within six weeks and 90% within a year, some without treatment • Most will experience another episode at some point 8 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e What Are the Symptoms of Depression?...
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course 830 340 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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AP7_Lecture_Ch08 - Comer, Abnormal Psychology , 7e Slides...

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