AP7_Lecture_Ch10

AP7_Lecture_Ch10 - Comer Abnormal Psychology 7e Slides&...

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Unformatted text preview: Comer, Abnormal Psychology , 7e Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. Northampton Community College Suicide Chapter 10 2 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Suicide • Suicide is a leading cause of death in the world • There are about 700,000 people who die from it each year, with more than 31,000 suicides per year in the U.S. alone • Many more (600,000 in the U.S.) unsuccessfully attempt suicide than actually succeed • Such attempts are called “parasuicides” 3 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Suicide • It is difficult to obtain accurate figures on suicide rates, and many investigators believe that estimates are often low • Many “accidents” may be intentional deaths • Since suicide is frowned upon in our society, relatives and friends often refuse to acknowledge that loved ones have taken their own lives • Suicide is not classified as a mental disorder in the DSM-IV- TR • While suicide is often linked to depression, about half of all suicides result from other mental disorders or involve no clear mental disorder at all 4 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e What Is Suicide? • Shneidman defines suicide as an intentioned death – a self-inflicted death in which one makes an intentional, direct, and conscious effort to end one’s life • He characterizes four kinds of suicide seekers… 5 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e What Is Suicide? • Shneidman’s characterizations of suicide seekers: • Death seekers – clearly intend to end their lives • Death initiators – intend to end their lives because they believe that the process of death is already underway • Death ignorers – do not believe that their self-inflicted death will mean the end of their existence • Death darers – have ambivalent feelings about death and show this in the act itself 6 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e What Is Suicide? • When individuals play indirect, hidden, partial, or unconscious roles in their own deaths, Shneidman classifies them in a category called “subintentional death” • In a related work, Menninger distinguished a category called “chronic suicide” 7 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e How Is Suicide Studied? • Suicide researchers face a major obstacle: their subjects are no longer alive • Researchers use two different strategies to try to overcome this obstacle (with partial success): • Retrospective analysis – a kind of psychological autopsy • Studying people who survive their suicide attempts 8 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Patterns and Statistics • Researchers have gathered statistics regarding the social contexts in which suicides take place • Suicide rates vary from country to country, with...
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course 830 340 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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AP7_Lecture_Ch10 - Comer Abnormal Psychology 7e Slides&...

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