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AP7_Lecture_Ch12

AP7_Lecture_Ch12 - SubstanceRelated Disorders Chapter 12...

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Comer,  Abnormal Psychology , 7e Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. Northampton Community College Substance-Related  Disorders Chapter 12
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2 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Substance-Related Disorders What is a drug? Any substance other than food that affects our  bodies or minds Need not be a medicine or illegal Current language uses the term “substance” rather  than “drug” to overtly include alcohol, tobacco,  and caffeine
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3 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Substance-Related Disorders Substances may cause temporary changes in  behavior, emotion, or thought May result in substance intoxication (literally,  “poisoning”), a temporary state of poor judgment, mood  changes irritability, slurred speech, and poor coordination Some substances such as LSD may produce a particular  form of intoxication, sometimes called hallucinosis, which  consists of perceptual distortions and hallucinations
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4 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Substance-Related Disorders Substances can also produce long-term problems: Substance abuse: a pattern of behavior in which a person relies on a  drug excessively and chronically, damaging relationships, affecting  work functioning, and/or putting self or others in danger Substance dependence: a more advanced pattern of use in which a  person abuses a drug and centers his or her life around it Also called “addiction” May include tolerance (need increasing doses to get an effect) and  withdrawal (unpleasant and dangerous symptoms when substance use is  stopped or cut down)
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5 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Substance-Related Disorders About 10% of all teens and adults in the U.S. display  substance abuse or dependence The highest rates of substance abuse or dependence in the  U.S. is found among Native Americans (19%), while the  lowest is among Asian Americans (4.3%) White Americans, Hispanic Americans, and African  Americans display rates between 9  and 10% Only 26% receive treatment
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6 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Substance-Related Disorders Many drugs are available in our society Some are naturally occurring; others are produced  in a laboratory Some require a physician’s prescription for legal  use; others, like alcohol and nicotine, are legally  available to adults Still others, like heroin, are illegal under all  circumstances
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7 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Substance-Related Disorders Recent statistics suggest that drug use is a  significant social problem 28 million people in the U.S. have used an illegal  substance within the past year 20.4 million are using one of them currently Almost 22% of all high school seniors have used  an illegal drug within the past month
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