AP7_Lecture_Ch13

AP7_Lecture_Ch13 - Sexual Disorders and Gender Identity...

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Comer,  Abnormal Psychology , 7e Northampton Community College Sexual Disorders and Gender  Identity Disorder Chapter 13
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2 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Sexual Disorders and  Gender Identity Disorder Sexual behavior is a major focus of both our private  thoughts and public discussions Experts recognize two general categories of sexual  disorders: Sexual dysfunctions – problems with sexual responses Paraphilias – repeated and intense sexual urges and  fantasies in response to socially inappropriate objects or  situations
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3 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Sexual Disorders and  Gender Identity Disorder DSM-IV-TR also includes a diagnosis of gender identity  disorder, a sex-related pattern in which people feel that they  have been assigned to the wrong sex Relatively little is known about racial and other  cultural differences in sexuality Sex therapists and sex researchers have only recently  begun to attend systematically to the importance of culture  and race
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4 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Sexual Dysfunctions Sexual dysfunctions are disorders in which people cannot  respond normally in key areas of sexual functioning As many as 31% of men and 43% of women in the U.S. suffer from  such a dysfunction during their lives Sexual dysfunctions are typically very distressing, and often  lead to sexual frustration, guilt, loss of self-esteem, and  interpersonal problems Often these dysfunctions are interrelated; many patients with one  dysfunction experience another as well
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5 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Sexual Dysfunctions The human sexual response can be described  as a cycle with four phases: Desire Excitement Orgasm Resolution Sexual dysfunctions affect one or more of the  first three phases
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6 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e
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7 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e
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8 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Sexual Dysfunctions Some people struggle with sexual dysfunction their  whole lives (labeled “lifelong type” in DSM-IV-TR) For others, normal sexual functioning preceded the  disorder (labeled “acquired type”) In some cases the dysfunction is present during all  sexual situations (labeled “generalized type”) In others it is tied to particular situations (labeled  “situational type”)
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9 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Disorders of Desire Desire phase of the sexual response cycle Consists of an urge to have sex, sexual fantasies,  and sexual attraction to others Two dysfunctions affect this phase: Hypoactive sexual desire disorder Sexual aversion disorder
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10 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Disorders of Desire Hypoactive sexual desire disorder
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AP7_Lecture_Ch13 - Sexual Disorders and Gender Identity...

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