AP7_Lecture_Ch16

AP7_Lecture_Ch16 - Personality Disorders Chapter 16 Slides...

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Comer,  Abnormal Psychology , 7e Northampton Community College Personality Disorders Chapter 16
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2 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Personality What is personality? Personality is a unique and long-term pattern of inner  experience and outward behavior Personality tends to be consistent and is often described in  terms of “traits” These traits may be inherited, learned, or both Personality is also flexible, allowing us to adapt to new  environments For those with personality disorders, however, that flexibility is  usually missing
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3 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Personality Disorders What is a personality disorder? An inflexible pattern of inner experience and outward  behavior This pattern is seen in most interactions, differs from the  experiences and behaviors usually expected, and continues  for years The rigid traits of people with personality disorders often  lead to psychological pain for the individual and social or  occupational difficulties The disorder may also bring pain to others
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4 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Classifying Personality Disorders A personality disorder typically becomes  recognizable in adolescence or early adulthood These are among the most difficult psychological  disorders to treat  Many sufferers are not even aware of their personality  disorder It has been estimated that 9% to 13% of all adults may  have a personality disorder
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5 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Classifying Personality Disorders Personality disorders are diagnosed on Axis II of the DSM- IV-TR These patterns are not typically marked by changes in  intensity or periods of clear improvement Those diagnosed with personality disorders are often also  diagnosed with an Axis I disorder This relationship is called “comorbidity” Axis II disorders may predispose people to develop an Axis I disorder, or  Axis I disorders may set the stage for Axis II disorders, or some  biological condition may set the stage for both! Whatever the reason, research indicates that the presence of a  personality disorder complicates and reduces a person’s chances for a  successful recovery
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6 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 7e Classifying Personality Disorders The DSM-IV-TR identifies ten personality disorders  and separates these into three categories or “clusters”: Odd or eccentric behavior Paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal personality disorders Dramatic, emotional, or erratic behavior Antisocial, borderline, narcissistic, and histrionic personality  disorders Anxious or fearful behavior Avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive personality  disorders
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AP7_Lecture_Ch16 - Personality Disorders Chapter 16 Slides...

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