Paper #2 - Michael Reber Native American Music Paper#2 The...

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Michael Reber Native American Music Paper #2 4/21/11 The three tribes of the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation are a mixture of Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara. They are now known as the Three Affiliated tribes. Today there are about 12000 members of the Three Affiliated tribes and about 4500 are residents of the Fort Berthold Reservation. To be a part of the Reservation and one has to be at least one eighth of any of the three tribes. A reason for this is because of the limited number of full-blooded Indians of these three tribes. As of right now there are no full-blooded descendants of the Mandan Indians, the last Mandan died in 1971, although there are still a few full-blooded Hidatsa and Arikara Indians. The contemporary issues for the Three Affiliated Tribes are employment, economic development, health care and a variety of other issues; I will expand on these contemporary issues later. The Three Affiliated tribes still take part in music, both contemporary and traditional styles. One of the most famous bands from these tribes is known as the Mandaree singers, whose music is both Mandan and Hidatsa. On the reservation there are also many powwows and social gatherings. Another big issue of the Three Affiliated Tribes is the construction of the Garrison Dam, which forced the tribes to be relocated for the second time. The Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara nation have faced disparity in the past but are moving towards property in the future while keeping their traditional aspects at their core. The construction of the Garrison Dam had an enormous economic impact on the Three Affiliated Tribes. The lands reserved to the three affiliated tribes was set by the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851 allotting the tribes 12 million acres. However the current reservation was created in 1870 by the United States government, reducing the size of the reservation to 988,000 acres. The construction of the Garrison Dam reduced the size of the reservation even more, taking away one quarter of their lands. Before the damn the Indians in the Fort Berthold Reservation had created a sustainable economic and social community. They preserved their distinct cultural traits-through the early reservation period, despite conscious efforts by the Department of War and Christian missionaries to take away traditional native beliefs and practices. As a consequence of the dam construction the newly established tribal communities within the reservation were
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effectively destroyed. More than ninety percent of the population within the reservation was forced to be relocated. The contemporary issues of the Three Affiliated Tribes today are a direct result of the construction of the Garrison Dam. Reservation life today shows the effects of resettlement through families whose members span the generations from the pre- and post-dam periods. One of the problems directly related to the dam is Health care. Prior to construction there was a community health clinic in Elbowoods, once a prosperous city at the center of the reservation.
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