HIST final - 00:02 Americanization vs. Cultural Pluralism...

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00:02 Americanization vs. Cultural Pluralism Americanization - is the assimilation of immigrants into American way of life during the early 20 th century. The process of an immigrant to the United States of America becoming a person who shares American values, beliefs and customs and is assimilated into American society. This process typically involves learning English and adjusting to American culture, and customs, while keeping the old foods and religion. Cultural Pluralism – when smaller groups maintain their unique cultural identities. Their values and cultural identities. In the United states for example unique groups not only co-exist side by side, but also consider qualities of other groups as traits worth having in the dominant culture. Columbian Exchange Was a dramatically widespread exchange of commodities, slaves, ideas, and diseases between the old world and the new world. The term was coined because of the first voyage to the new world made by Christopher Columbus. The Significance of the Columbian exchange is that for the first time the two separate parts of the world could the two areas circulated a wide variety of new crops and livestock which supported increases in population in both hemispheres. Small Pox Eradicated in 1979 small pox is an infectious disease of the skin mouth throat and eyes. Earliest recorded history of smallpox was 3000 years ago as Ramses V’s mummy had evidence of small pox. Small Pox was not introduced into the Americas before European contact and devastated the native population. An estimated 80-90 percent of natives died from the disease. The significance of small pox is that it contributed to the conquest of native populations which led to an easier expansion of the new world by European colonists. Dawes Act 1887 Named after its sponsor Henry Dawes the act was authorized by the President to survey and divide tribal land into allotments for individual Indians. The purpose of the act was to assimilate Indians in American society where the ownership of land was the social norm. The significance of the act is that it was one of many acts used to demolish tribal lands in order to open up them to American settlements. Indian Restoration Act 1934 : Known as the Indian new deal was administered by FDR, this act secured rights to the native Americans. The Indian restoration act also reversed the Dawes Act privatization of communal holdings and the return to self-government on a tribal basis. The significance of this act is that it returned the idea of tribal sovereignty and helped the Indians return to economic self sufficiency. Jamestown
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First permanent English settlement of the new world in 1607 by the Virginia Company of London. Jamestown island was not the a prime location for settlement of the New world. The island was surrounded by tidal river water that was unsuitable for drinking along with being plagued by mosquitos. The relations with the native tribes was inconsistent and Indians wanted to eradicate the settlers. The significance of Jamestown is that the settlers where able to hold a
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course HIST 150 taught by Professor Hume during the Fall '07 term at Washington State University .

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HIST final - 00:02 Americanization vs. Cultural Pluralism...

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