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HIST final (2)

HIST final (2) - Executive Order 9066 During WWII there was...

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Executive Order 9066 – During WWII there was a great amount of discrimination towards other races. People were worried about Japanese in California because of vulnerability to attack on the West Coast and demanded that the region be rid of “supposed” Japanese spies. In 1942 Roosevelt issued this order, which gave the War Department the authority it needed for its plan to evacuate Japanese Americans from the west coast and intern them in relocation camps for the rest of the war. No Japanese American was ever found guilty of espionage. Labor shortage in farming led to the government appointing workers from the camps. The students that were in the camps got to go back to school if they transferred out of the West Coast military zone. Some were sent to the armed forces, the 442 nd Regimental Combat team comprised of almost all native-born Japanese men. Yalta Conference – The meeting where Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met in February 1945 at a resort on the Black Sea. Here they discussed an agreement to be reached on the peace to come at the end of the war. Stalin proposed an idea where he wanted to set up soviet-controlled satellite states to protect the Soviet Union’s western border. Roosevelt acknowledged the legitimacy of the demand but realized that his hope for democratically elected governments in Poland and neighboring countries probably wouldn’t happen. Roosevelt and Churchill agreed in principle to the idea of a Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe but deliberately left its dimensions vague. The three made plans to divide Germany into four zones controlled by U.S, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union. They made further progress toward the establishment of an international organization in the form of the United Nations. “The Yalta agreement mirrored a new balance of power and set the stage for the Cold War. Some speculations say that the unannounced two droppings of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were because America was worried about potential conflicts with the Soviets over the postwar order and used the bomb as intimidation. Los Alamos – Los Alamos, New Mexico where the country’s top physicists assembled the first bomb. A top-secret Manhattan Project charged with developing a new weapon. Once the bomb was tested, it was known that the bomb would work, led to dropping of nuclear bomb on Japan, meant to scare soviets, and began the cold war and arms race between the nations, it lead to Americans military industrial complex-the US increasing commitment to the military George Kennan – Wrote the most influential expression of the policy, containment, in a cable called the “Long Telegram.” He wrote it from his post at the U.S. embassy in Moscow to his superiors in Washington. Kennan identified himself as “X” and warned that the Soviet Union was embarked on an aggressive trajectory of expansionism that the U.S should counter with a policy of “firm containment…at every point where the Russians show signs of encroaching upon the interests of a peaceful and stable world.”
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