hist final - HIST2112 Hamilton Final Exam Study Guide Terms...

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HIST2112 – Hamilton Final Exam Study Guide Terms to Know: Kitchen Debate (1959) : conversation between U.S. vice president Richard Nixon and Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev as they walked through the American National Exhibition in Moscow in July 1959. Nixon showed off America’s advancement with consumer goods over the Soviet Union’s, but Khrushchev responded by pointing out that in the Soviet Union, “you are entitled to housing,” whereas in the United States the homeless slept on pavements. This was significant because it showed the major flaws in American democracy and the comparisons between our form of government and that of the Soviet Union’s communism. o Alt. Def. : a conversation between Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev and Vice President Richard Nixon in which they debated the relative merits of their nations’ economies at the American National Exhibition held in Moscow in 1959. “You are a lawyer for capitalism and I am a lawyer for communism,” Khrushchev told Nixon as each tried to outdo one another. War on Poverty : In January 1964, President Johnson announced “an unconditional was on poverty” in his State of the Union message – launched the Economic Opportunity Act in 1964, it became a battle in the form of new programs and welfare institutions that would help to end poverty in America – authorized 10 new programs in America, allocating $800 million (about 1% of the federal budget) for the first year – started new programs such as HeadStart for preschoolers, work-study grants for college students, Job Corps for unemployed young people, The Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA) program paid modest wages to volunteers working with the disadvantaged, and a legal services programs provided lawyers for the poor & CAP (Community Action Program) gave poor people a voice in local government and allowed them to participate in antipoverty projects – CAP gave people usually excluded from government an opportunity to act on their own behalf and develop leadership skills; it was one of Johnson’s goals in attaining his dream of the Great Society. o SB : number of troops and bombing went up while budget for war on poverty went down o Part of LBJ’s plan for the Great Society; wanted to use government funding and community groups to help empower poor people to help themselves “hand up not hand out”; led to Congress passing Economic Opportunity Act – Office of Econ. Opportunity to help immobile people find support; created programs that still exist – HeadStart & Job Corps. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964) : During a routine espionage mission in the Gulf of Tonkin, off the coast of North Vietnam, 2 U.S. destroyers reported that North Vietnamese gunboats had fired on them. Johnson quickly ordered air strikes on N.Vietnamese torpedo bases & oil storage facilities. Concealing the uncertainty about whether the 2 nd o SB : Johnson thought Vietnam a test of American willingness to combat communist aggression,
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2012 for the course HIST 2112 taught by Professor Sutter during the Fall '07 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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hist final - HIST2112 Hamilton Final Exam Study Guide Terms...

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