Executive Order 9066
Definition: It is an order that Roosevelt issued in 1942, which gave the War Department the
authority it needed for its plan to evacuate Japanese Americans from the West Coast and intern them in
relocation camps for the rest of the war.
Significance: The announcement shocked Japanese Americans, more than two-thirds of whom
were native-born American citizens. Most had to sell their property and possessions at cut-rate prices
and were then rounded up in temporary assembly
centers and sent by the War Relocation
Authority to internment camps located in
desolate areas in California, Arizona, Utah,
Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and
Definition: It is the meeting of big three who are Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin in February
1945 at Yalta, a resort on the Black Sea, because Roosebelt wanted to maintain allied unity, the key to
post war and stability.
Significance: Three leaders proceeded with plans to divide Germany into four zones to be
controlled by United State, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union. The big three made further
progress toward the establishment of an international
organization in the form of the United
Nations. They agreed that the Security
Council of the United Nations would include the five
major Allied powers plus six
other nations elected on a rotating basis. They also decided that the
members of the Security Council should have veto power over decisions of the
General Assembly, in which all nations would be represented.
Definition: It is a city in New Mexico where the country's top physicists assembled the first
the project, which costs two billion dollars and employed 120,000 people, for developing a
new weapon, an atomic bomb, culminated in.
Significance: Later on, Truman ordered the dropping of atomic bombs on two Japanese cities,
Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The unprecedented numbers of dead and wounded as a result of the war had
created a sense of callousness on all sides, and the Truman administration did not debate the morality of
using the bomb. One hundred thousand people died at Hiroshima and sixty thousand at Nagasaki; tens
thousands more died slowly of radiation poisoning. Japan offered to surrender and
signed a formal treaty of surrender in 1945. Franklin Roosevelt's death and the
dropping of the atomic bomb came at a critical juncture in world affairs.
Definition: George Kennan is a man who warned that the Soviet Union was embarked on an
aggressive trajectory of expansionism that the United States should counter with the policy of
Significance: He did the most influential expression of the policy, containment. His key
concepts about Soviet Union were that Soviet believe that U.S and U.S.S.R cannot coexist, are fanatical
or not reasonable which means driven by ideology, experts powerful grip over people, are highly
intensive to the logic of force and could be weakened via propaganda. He also thought that Western