5 - Labor Wars - September 1

5 - Labor Wars - September 1 - Labor Wars • What was at...

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Unformatted text preview: Labor Wars • What was at stake in the labor wars? • 1) Control over the conditions of work • Frederick Winslow Taylor, The Principles of Scientific Management The Principles of Scientific Management • “ . . . [I]f you are a high-priced man, you will do exactly as this man tells you to-morrow, from morning till night. When he tells you to pick up a pig and walk, you pick it up and you walk, and when he tells you to sit down and rest, you sit down. You do that right straight through the day. And what’s more, no back talk. Now a high-priced man does just what he’s told to do, and no back talk. . . .” • Taylor’s logic: • 1) Efficiency top priority; management-control increases efficiency • 2) Employers reward increased efficiency with increased wages Pauline Newman • “[The owners all watched] to see that you did your work, watching when you went into the toilet. And if you were two or three minutes longer than foreman or foreladies thought you should be, it was deducted from your pay . . . Rubber heels came into use around that time and our employers were the first to use them; you never knew when they would sneak up on you, spying to make sure you did not talk. . . .” • Workers’ response: • 1) Workers need to have a say over the conditions in which they work • 2) Employers aren’t rewarding workplace efficiency with increased wages Additional issues • 8 hour day “Eight hours for work, eight hours for rest, eight hours for what we will;” Wages; Safety • The man who works the long hours has no necessities except the barest to keep body and soul together, so he can work. He goes to sleep and dreams of work; he rises in the...
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2012 for the course HIST 2112 taught by Professor Sutter during the Fall '07 term at UGA.

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5 - Labor Wars - September 1 - Labor Wars • What was at...

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