8 - The Era of Jim Crow-September 13

8 - The Era of Jim Crow-September 13 - The Era of Jim Crow...

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The Era of Jim Crow
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“Jim Crow” 1890s-1950s/60s De Jure segregation Disenfranchisement Industrial education Lynching
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White backlash Conditions for African Americans worsened in the South—Why? Opposition to black progress Maggie Lena Walker (b. 1867) First female bank president
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Opposition to political alliances between poor whites and African Americans, such as populism
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Segregation “De jure” segregation—segregation by law Ex: Atlanta zoo Ex: factory owners Ex: school textbooks Ex: prostitutes Ex: courthouse bibles A modern development--trains
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Disenfranchisement State constitutional conventions, 1890-1908 Mississippi leads the way Methods: poll tax, “understanding clause,” grandfather clause Impact: widespread disenfranchisement, including many poor whites
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Industrial education Schools must “dumb down” curriculums to gain funding Focus on training for agricultural and domestic labor
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Lynching Mob killing
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