11 - Imperialism - September 22

11 - Imperialism - September 22 - U.S. Imperialism...

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U.S. Imperialism
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Imperialism The practice of one country extending its control over another country—economically, politically, and/or territorially. How and why did the U.S. become an imperial power at the dawn of the 20 th century?
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19 th century foundation Manifest destiny Monroe Doctrine (1823) Mexican War (1848) Indian wars
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Economic arguments--the U.S. needs access to markets and materials. Global events--Europan colonialism Social Darwinism Racial concepts— “Anglo-Saxon” supremacy Religious arguments--missionaries Late-nineteenth century developments
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Advocate of U.S. imperialism Alfred Thayer Mahan U.S. “destiny” to spread Western civilization to the Caribbean and across the Pacific U.S. will benefit economically U.S. must build up naval power
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Having . . . no foreign establishments, either colonial or military, the ships of war of the United States, in war, will be like land birds, unable to fly far from their own shores. To provide resting- places for them, where they can coal and repair, would be one of the first duties of a government proposing to itself the development of the power of the nation at sea. . . . Alfred T. Mahan, 1890
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Early developments Alaska (1867) Hawaii (1898)
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Resistance U.S. revolutionary heritage “The growth of the principle of self-government, planted on American soil, has been the overshadowing political fact of the nineteenth century. It has made this nation
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2012 for the course HIST 2112 taught by Professor Sutter during the Fall '07 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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11 - Imperialism - September 22 - U.S. Imperialism...

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