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NOTES - In the Middle Ages most important musicians were...

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In the Middle Ages, most important musicians were PRIESTS. When notating music for others to read, composers have traditionally used ITALIAN words to indicate dynamics. Not T THE CATHOLIC CURCH WAS MORE POWERFUL DURING THE RANAISSANCE THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD. The relative highness and lowness of sound is called PITCH When there is one main melody accompanied by chords, the texture is HOMOPHONIC The type of opera song that uses the rhythms of spoken word, yet is sung using pitch is RECITATIVE. ALTO in not normally male Renaissance 1450 – 1600 Handel’s Messiah is an example of AN ORATORIO Baroque is flamboyant, elaborately ornamented, busy A combination of tones that are stable or restful is called CONSONANCE. Dynamic in music refers to DEGREES OF LOUDNES AND SOFTNESS Composers during the Baroque period were considered to be A HIGH CLASS SERVANT, YER WITH FEW PERONAL RIGHTS. Gregorian chant is monophonic in texture PIANISSIMO, PIANO AND FORTISSIMO The HARPSICHORD is a keyboard instrument that has strings that are plucked by a set quill wedges. HILDEGARD OF BINGEN was an important female composer of the Medieval period. Organizing beats into regularly repeating groups is called METER. A cappella refers to vocal or choral music without any instrumental accompaniment. The French nobles responsible for performing secular Medieval music were called TROUBADOURS.
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The renaissance madrigal is a piece for a piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, often about love. A baroque musical composition usually expresses ONE BASIC MOOD within one movement. Most medival music was VOCAL Monophonic texture consists of ONE MELODY WITH ON ADDITIONAL ACCOMPANIMENT Melody is defined as THE TUNE THE PART YOU HUM OR SING Gregorian Chants are 1. set to a sacred Latin text 2. usually monophonic in texture 3. was the official music of the Roman Chatholic church for over 1000y The word Movement in music usually refers to A COMPLETE PIECE, YET PART OF A LARGER WORK Improvisation is MUSIC PERFORMED BY AN ORCHESTRA Members of the Camerata are responsible for creating opera, a new vocal style based on the MUSIC OF THE GREEK TRAGEDIES The main keyboard instruments of the Baroque period were the pipe organ and the HARPSICHORD Terraced dynamics refers to A SUDDEN ALERATION FROM MEDIUM LOUD TO LOUD In general the smaller the instrument the higher it’s pitch The term TEMPO refers to the speed of the beat in music. An Estampie is a medieval DANCE Handel’s Massiah was written in 24 days Renaissance 1. Curiosity and individual 2. exploration and adventure 3. the rebirth of human creativity
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The resting place at the end of a musical phrase is called a CADENCE. Baroque Johann Sebastian Bach G.F. Handel Any instrument that you strike or hit would be included in the PRECUSSION family.
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