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MUSiC 1300 - Classical music 1740 1820 MOOD classical...

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Classical music 1740- 1820 MOOD, classical composers will fluctuate in mood ( only masters where able to compose wide emotional range ) RHYTHM, flexibility of rhythm adds variety to classical music. A classical Composition has a wealth of rhythmic patterns, whereas a baroque piece contains a few patterns that are retreated throughout. Classical style includes unexpected pauses, syncopations, and frequent changes from long to another may be either sudden or gradual. Texture is homophonic. Pisces shift smoothly or suddenly from one texture to another. Melody, mosth tuneful and easiest to remember. Composers would borrow popular tunes. Dynamics and the Piano, classical composers’ interest in expressing shades of emotion led to the widespread use of gradual dynamic change (crescendo and decrescendo). Replacement of the harpsichord by the piano. Piano was invented around 1700. Late 18C piano called fortepiano. Basso Continuo was abandoned. The Classical Orchestra,Strings: 1th 2d violins, violas, cellos, double basses Woodwinds: 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons Brass: 2 French horns, 2 trumpetsPercussion: 2 timpani Classical Forms1. Fastmovement2. Slowmovement3. Dance-relatedmovement 4. Fastmovement Difference of forms for every movement Vienna center of music! Sonata Form – form of single movement, three main section:1. EXPOSITION, sets up a strong conflict between the tonic key and the new key and between the first theme and second theme. Than comes a bridge, or transition, leading to the second theme 2. DEVELOPMENT most dramatic section of the movement 3. RECAPITULATION begins resolution, again first theme in the tonic key.
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