Chapter 2: Equal Opportunity and the Law Multiple Choice 1. The _____ Amendment to the U.S. Constitution states, “no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of the law.” a. First b. Fifth c. Tenth d. Thirteenth e. Fourteenth (b; moderate; p. 30) 2. The _____ Amendment outlawed slavery, and courts have held that it bars racial discrimination. a. First b. Fifth c. Tenth d. Thirteenth e. Fourteenth (d; moderate; p. 30) 3. In what year was the 13 th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution ratified? a. 1776 b. 1791 c. 1808 d. 1865 e. 1868 (d; difficult; p. 30) 4. The _____ Amendment makes it illegal for any state to “make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges and immunities of citizens of the United States.” a. First b. Fifth c. Tenth d. Thirteenth e. Fourteenth (e; moderate; p. 30) 21
5. Which amendment is generally viewed as barring discrimination based on sex, national origin, or race? a. First b. Fifth c. Tenth d. Thirteenth e. Fourteenth (e; moderate; p. 30) 6. The _____ gives all persons the same right to make and enforce contracts and to benefit from the laws of the land. a. Fifth Amendment b. Civil Rights Act of 1866 c. Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act d. Civil Rights Act of 1991 e. Thirteenth Amendment (b; moderate; p. 30) 7. Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination based on all of the following characteristics except _____. a. race b. sexual orientation c. color d. religion e. national origin (b; moderate; p. 30) 8. Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act bars discrimination on the part of most employers, including all public or private employers of _____ or more persons. a. 5 b. 10 c. 15 d. 50 e. 100 (c; easy; p. 30) 9. What type of organization is covered by Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act? a. private educational institutions b. private employers of 15 or more persons c. federal government d. state government e. all of the above (e; easy; p. 30) 22
10. How many members serve on the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission? a. 3 b. 5 c. 9 d. 10 e. 12 (b; easy; p. 31) 11. Members of the EEOC are appointed by the _____. a. Senate b. Supreme Court c. President of the United States d. Vice-President of the United States e. None of the above (c; easy; p. 31) 12. Members of the EEOC serve _____ terms. a. 3 years b. 5 years c. 10 years d. indefinite e. life long (b; easy; p. 31) 13. The _____ made it unlawful to discriminate in pay on the basis of sex when jobs involve equal work, require equivalent skills, effort, and responsibility, and are performed under similar working conditions. a.
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