Ch4 - CIV 402 Engineering Ethics Chapters Summary Chapter 4 Resolving Problems 4.1 Introduction Problem solving is a process of shaping the problem

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1 CIV 402: Engineering Ethics Chapters Summary Chapter 4: Resolving Problems 4.1 Introduction: Problem solving is a process of shaping the problem and finding a way to solve the problem. It is considered one of the logical functions that have been defined as higher order mental process. This topic focuses on the task of ethical analysis with an eye on resolving ethical problems facing engineers. Example : In the beginning of the arguments we should analyze the fictional case of Steven Severson. Steven is in his last semester of his graduate program in mechanical engineering. He is married and father of three children. Instead of that he is holding a full time job to spend on his family. When he was on his submission of his final research he found that there are and ambiguous data on the result of the formulas that he solved. Steven tried to find a way to solve the problem by he didn’t. Suddenly he decided to omit the ambiguous data because he wants to graduate as soon as he can. His questions are whether it would be right to omit reference to the data? What are the relevant facts? And what is the relevant kind of ethical consideration that should be brought to bear on the situation? Although this case is about Steven’s academic work rather than his work as a professional engineer, he is preparing for a career in engineering. Therefor we might look at the National Society of Professional Engineers NSPE code of ethics for engineers for guidance. Some of its fundamental canons states that in fulfilling their professional duties: - Engineers shall avoid deceptive acts. - Engineers shall issue public statements only in an objective and truthful manner. - They shall include all relevant information in such reports, statements and testimony which should bear the date when it was current. Therefore, would Steven be objective if he omits the ambiguous data? 4.2 Introduction: Is research involving humans ethical?
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2 4.3 Ethics and design: In many respects, the ethical problems of engineers are like the ethical problems facing moral agents in general: the call for decisions about what we should do, not simply reflection on what we or others have already done or failed to do. Evaluating what has already happened can be helpful in deciding what to do. If I can see that situation I am in now is very much like situations that I or others have faced in the past, evaluating what was done before (and what results were) can be very helpful in deciding what to do now. Example : For this situation we should analyze the Brad’s case. Brad is in the second year of his full time job after graduation from tech engineering. He is enjoying his work, but suddenly he concerned that his work in not being adequately checked by more experienced engineers . He has been assigned to assist in the design of a number of projects that involve issues of public safety, and his drawings are stamped and passed on to the contractor. Sometimes the smaller projects he designs are under construction
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2012 for the course CIVIL 101 taught by Professor Seeds during the Spring '07 term at Abu Dhabi University.

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Ch4 - CIV 402 Engineering Ethics Chapters Summary Chapter 4 Resolving Problems 4.1 Introduction Problem solving is a process of shaping the problem

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