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chapter 6 Trust and Reliability

chapter 6 Trust and Reliability - CIV 402 Engineering...

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CIV 402: Engineering Ethics Chapters Summary Chapter 6: Trust & Reliability Introduction Society has become more dependent on the services of professionals whose knowledge and expertise are not widely shared or understood. This means that the public must place its trust in the reliable performance of engineers. We will discuss the moral concerns that are relevant to the trustworthiness of engineers: honesty and dishonesty, confidentiality, intellectual property rights, expert witnessing, communication with the public, and conflict of interest. Honesty Engineering codes contain many references to honesty, for example: In the code of ethics of IEEE “be honest and realistic in stating claims or estimates based on available data” “Seek, accept, and offer honest criticism of technical work “ In the code of ethics of ASME “engineer shall issue public statements only in an objective and truthful manner” In the code of ethics of ASCE requires member not to issue statement on engineering matters which are inspired or paid for by interested parties, unless they indicate on whose behalf the statements are made. (Full disclosure) “The services provided by engineers require honesty, impartiality, fairness, and equity” “Engineers should avoid deceptive acts or ads in the solicitation of professional employment” NSPE In the rules of practice , there are many references to honesty. (Engineers shall not permit the use of their name or firm name nor associate in business ventures with any person or firm which they have reasons to believe is engaging in fraudulent or dishonest business or professional practices). It also states that “engineers shall be objective and truthful in professional reports, statements, or testimony. They shall include all relevant and pertinent information in such reports, statements, or testimony”.
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FORMS OF DISHONESTY LYIN: It is difficult to define “lying”, because not every falsehood is lie. How? He is not lying even though he may not be telling the truth His tension to lie, but what he says is actually true. A person may give others false information by means other than making false statements Gestures and nods, as well as indirect statements can give false impression in conversation, even though the person has not told an outright lie. The three elements of lying: A lie ordinarily involves something that is believed to be false or seriously misleading. A lie is ordinarily stated in words. A lie is made with the intention to deceive. Deliberate deception Discussing something in a manner that implies knowledge that he does not have to impress an employer or potential customer, even if he is not lying.
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