Chapter 10 International Engineering Ethics

Chapter 10 International Engineering Ethics - CIV 402...

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CIV 402: Engineering Ethics Chapters Summary Chapter 10: International Engineering Professionalism 10.1: INTRODUCTION The clothing industry is perhaps the most competitive in the world. It has been the first level of industrialization in most countries: Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan, China, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, Laos, Vietnam, Bahrain, Indonesia, El Salvador, Honduras, and the Dominican Republic. Many factories in these countries employ young women and child labor in sweatshop. Example Strauss, the industry leader. It owns and operates a plant in country X whose employees are mostly young women from countryside. They live in company dormitories and work for $0.80 per day. They work 12 hours in a clean, safe, and well lit factory. The women describe the work as hard but they prefer it to village life, and some women are the sole wage in their families and without these jobs the well might be forced for begging or prostitution. problems at the plant. that if his firm left another firm would take its place. “The message from business” he maintains, “is to follow the dollar and learn to effect changes from within.” Hanna is an engineer whose company has been asked to design and to supervise the equipment should improve the safety in the plant, but Hanna’s colleagues argue that she should not take it because she will be a part in the exploitation the young women. Boundary crossing problems as ethical problems that are produced by entering countries or regions with different cultural, social, or economic conditions. Home country: is the country that one leaves. Host country: is the country that one enters.
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Problems in moving from home to host country are especially severe when the host country is not fully industrialized; we call these countries lesser industrialized countries . Two simple solutions to boundary crossing problems: The absolutist solution follows the rule that the laws, customs, and values of the home country should always be followed. However home country standers may pose serious problems if applied in host countries. For example, that might not be possible to do business in the host country without following the customs. Also host country values might be as good as, or better than, home country standards, just different. The other solution is the relativist solution , which follows the rule, “When in Rome, do as the Romans do.” It means home country citizens should simply follow host country laws, customs, and values, even if they are contrary to home country standards. This solution also has severe problems. For example, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, passed by the U.S. Congress in 1977,
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Chapter 10 International Engineering Ethics - CIV 402...

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