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Week_One_Historical_and_Cultural_backgro

Week_One_Historical_and_Cultural_backgro - Historical and...

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Historical and Cultural background to Buddhism Vedic Culture Social Structure
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The Indus Valley Civilization 3 rd millennium B.C.E.: population of the plains of the Indus river Modern aspects of the Indus valley civilization System of writing 1200 B.C.E.: Indo-European invasions and decay of the cities Religious culture Ritual baths Female goddess Classes of priests and religious practitioners Inheritance in future religious culture
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Map
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Ancient India India Indian and Hindu Combination of civilizations and pluralism of religions Culture in Ancient India Āryan Vedic Tradition + Indus Valley Civilization (Harappāns) “non vedic” elements in Hindu tradition (ritual bathing & feminine imagery) Āryan Vedic supremacy in the region since second millennium BCE Āryan Vedas Vedas: still core of modern Hindu scriptures Hinduism and Zoroastrianism Ŗg Veda and Avesta Āryan rsis and Zarathustra
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Hinduism: key principles Four main tenets Universe is beginningless and endless, but goes through circles (yugas) of creation, maintenance and destruction Living beings through cycles of rebirths according to Karma Ascetic practice is effective in bringing human beings to liberation from cycle of rebirths
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