KIN 448 Exam 1 Review
What are behavioral medicine, health psychology, and exercise psychology? What are the
similarities and what are the differences?
is an integration of behavioral, psychosocial, and biomedical factors
(nutrition, smoking, sex, exercise, seat belt use, etc). It looks at how psychosocial aspects and
social aspects affect behavior and vice versa and how those cause effects at the cellular level. It
focuses on health and illness.
focuses on psychosocial and behavioral factors (what people do in their
psychological and social environments). Promotion and maintenance of health; causation,
prevention, and treatment of illness.
is the application of educational, scientific, and professional contributions
of psychology to the study of antecedents and consequences
of behaviors related with physical
work capacity (PA and exercise). Studying how psychological behaviors affect the exercise
process an how exercise affects psychological outcomes.
Behavioral encompasses health and exercise psych. Health psych can encompass exercise psych.
Behavioral looks at application and at biomedical factors and health psych does not. Behavioral
also had an interdisciplinary field of professionals—doctors, nurses, epidemiologists,
kinesiologists, psych, etc. Health psych professionals are Psychologists.
What are physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness?
What are the similarities and
differences among the terms?
is any bodily movement produced by contraction
of skeletal muscles that results
in a substantial
increase in energy expenditure
above resting levels—(characterized by mode,
is a subset of PA and is planned, structured, and repetitive PA that improves or
maintains fitness. Exercise is goal-oriented. (Frequency, Intensity, Type, Time)
is a characteristic of an individual, not a behavior. It reflects the capacity of the
body to do physical work.