Unformatted text preview: accepts approved goals, uses disapproved means Ritualism abandons society’s goals, conforms to approved means Retreatism abandons approved goals and approved means Rebellion challenges approved gaols and approved means Opportunity theory-sociologists Richard Cloward & Lloyd Ohlin suggested that for deviance to occur, people must have access to illegitimate opportunity structures:-circumstances that provide an opportunity for ppl to acquire through illegitimate activities what they cannot achieve through legitimate channels Theory key elements Strain theory deviance occurs when approved means of reaching approved goals is blocked Opportunity theory lower-class delinquents subscribe to middleclass values they cant attain. They may achieve goals illegitimately...
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- Spring '07
- Sociology, Merton, Richard Cloward, Deviance -any behavior