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Test 2 (15 June 2010) I I STUDENT ID# : GIVEN NAME E-MAIL ADDRESS : 40 85 _
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85 : A ll o f the following truelfalse questions are based on the material covered in chapters 5, 8, a nd 11 o f the course
textbook Please clearly circle y our answer in i nk I fyou use pencil, y ou w ill not be permitted to contest your
mark, even i f an arithmetic error was made in its calculation. Good luck! 39 6 A key convention o f f onnal scientific writing is that passive sentences should be
deployed to downplay the role o f the subject-actor and highlight the role o f the object
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// F In William L abov's l andmark research o n t he relationship between the pronunciation o f
Irl a nd upward social mobility in N ew York, it was found that rates o f p ronunciation o f
Irl w ere lowest in upscale department stores and highest in low-income neighbourhoods. ID Te ID
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Test st ID Te : 40 85 er ad : ID 6 39 14 85 In a n imaginary language, the word for the English verb " to s leep" is Iruarmal a mong
men, but Iruernal a mong women. This is an example o f a gender-coded doublet.
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ID: 4085 The e xtinct Cayuse language is a lingua franca o f contemporary North America.
V/ 4. wn G wn T 143 r ID: ade nlo Dow Do 3. 96 lo Te st ID : o er ad lo wn Simon has just been elected C hainnan o f the Department o f Linguistics at a particular
university. His first executive act is to eliminate the gendered tenninology o f his position,
and to title himself the "Chair" rather the " Chainnan" i n order to discourage the
acceptability o f vocabulary that treats maleness as the default gender for positions o f
authority. This is an example o f linguistic activism.
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408 5 V ./ The n ames " John d e Lancie," "Miles O 'Brien," a nd "Gates McFadden" all contain h~'" an~~xamples o ftoponyms. / T 7. .
M oJ 9. L -/ ~~~~~ based o n w ords for sensation and perception are called tc:ctile metaphors. r F\ The Volapuk language was devised i n 1579 by the G ennan priest Johann Martin
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l & ~.F) 6. Do <" ~ Tes t ID: 408 5 ' rF\ ~)\J In Western onomastics, given names commonly have Teutonic, Latin, Hebrew, or Greek
o ngms. (V 10. ~ F A s target domains become associated with an increasing number o f s ource domains, the
concepts they capture become more complex. George L akoff and Mark Johnson call the
Oxdia @ http://www.oxdia.com o f conceptual relationships produced by these associations "idealized
This item is shared conceptual models" help you in your studies.
by the uploader to (lCMs).
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40 A NT 253 H1F L anguage a nd Society
T~e following passage contains a root metaphor: Marieve Jeafid through the textbook,
_-,trjiaspe~at""iJ>by the amount o f material she h ad to learn before the exam. It was difficult
riitItfiI't1Ffor her to ~ concepts unless she h ad a study partner. , t;"\ (..../'V 12. 13. , T
L,// ~I¥)o.e,- F ID In the sentence "The lyrics to that song are truly bittersweet," the metaphoric topic is the
flavour o f bittersweetness, and the metaphoric vehicle is the song itself. :
ID 14 39 6 CW 6 Slang expressions are sociolectal features associated mostly with educated and tlpper
class social groups. ,@ ' 39 Two linguistic codes are usually categorized as dialects, rather than separate la,nguages, i f
they are mutually intelligible. F Expressions like ' isn't she?' 'you know' and 'right?' (often found at the end o f sentences)
are known as tags. F One reason why English has many Latin based words is because o f the legacy o f the
Norman conquest. F The following sentence contains an example o f synecdoche: The pirate calledfor all
hands on deck. er F nlo ade 143 96 40 85 r ID: lo 39 : 6 14 ID er ad wn ID : Do ID : 14
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wn lo ad 17. V "/ ID : 6 39 14 st Te : 14 85 ID A pidgin is a creole that has native speakers. : 40 er Parisian French became the standard dialect in France because it is easier to speak than
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85 I t..,..../ wn According to the American philosopher Charles Peirce, informed hunches result from
metaphorical reasoning. Do
wn 14. : er Do T (.J L akoff and Johnson have suggested that conceptual metaphors have little effect on how
most people, besides literary scholars, see the world . W' T ~ A calque is a borrowing o f a word or phrase that maintains the original phonology as
much as possible. Down
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t ID: ad T 5 Anthropologist Desmond Morris discovered that the meaning o f a large number o f
gestures was consistent across many different cultures in Europe.
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r 2b David McNeill has suggested that vocal utterances and gestures form two distinct and
separate language systems.
During a conversation about the history o f gardening, a man points at a set o f particularly
well-grown roses. This could be classified as a deictic gesture. Oxdia @ http://www.oxdia.com 4085
Test ID: This item is shared by the uploader to help you in your studies.
It is copyrighted by the creator (copyright owner) of the content.
Downl oader ID: 14396 Distribution is prohibited without permission from the copyright owner. 2
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2012 for the course ANT 253 taught by Professor Danesi during the Fall '08 term at University of Toronto.
- Fall '08