Lecture+17 - Psychology II Lecture 17 : Emotion Overview...

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Unformatted text preview: Psychology II Lecture 17 : Emotion Overview Theories of Emotion How do we regulate our experience of emotion? What happens when we cant regulate our emotions? Overview Theories of Emotion How do we distinguish different emotions? How is emotion generated? Emotion : a positive or negative experience that is associated with a particular pattern of physiological activity 2 minutes How would you explain love to a 3-year old? Two Dimensions of Emotion Situation You walk into lecture hall, and see a large bear. James-Lange theory : stimuli trigger activity in the ANS, which in turn produces an emotional experience in the brain Feeling the physiological changes as they occur is the emotion Emotional experience is the consequence, not the cause, of our physiological reactions Each emotional experience is the result of a unique pattern of physiological response Classic Theories of Emotion Cannon-Bard theory : a stimulus simultaneously triggers activity in the autonomic nervous system and emotional experience in the brain Classic Theories of Emotion Two-factor theory : emotions are inferences about the causes of physiological arousal Different emotions are different interpretations of a single pattern of bodily activity undifferentiated physiological arousal Classic Theories of Emotion Physiology of Emotion: different emotions may have different patterns of physiological arousal The Emotional Brain Amygdala works as a threat detector Involved in appraisal: an evaluation of the emotion-relevant aspects of a stimulus The Emotional Brain Monkeys rewired so information entering left eye could be transmitted to amygdala; right eye information could not Threatening stimulus presented to left eye fear and alarm No reaction with right eye Patients with amygdala damage had more difficulty recognizing expressions of disgust, anger, and fear Fast and Slow Pathways of Fear Emotion regulation : the use of cognitive and behavioral strategies to influence ones emotional experience can refer to either negative or positive emotions can refer to increasing, decreasing, or maintaining emotional states can refer to our internal emotional experience, as well as our outward emotional expression Emotion Regulation The Process Model of Emotion Regulation Gross & Thompson, 2008 Emotion Regulation Basic components- Situation: internal/external- Attention: how we pay attention to the situation - Appraisal: our assessment of the situation- Response: our response to the situation, which may change the situation itself Strategies of Regulation Situation Selection: taking actions that make it more/less likely that we will end up in an emotional situation Situation Modification: directly modifying the situation to alter its emotional impact Attention Deployment: directing attention in a situation to influence emotion (e.g., distraction vs....
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Lecture+17 - Psychology II Lecture 17 : Emotion Overview...

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