Lecture+20+_Language+and+Emotion_-1

Lecture+20+_Language+and+Emotion_-1 - Psychology II Lecture...

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Psychology II Lecture 20 :
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Language and Emotion: A complex relationship Put our emotions into words… …or don’t speak (‘cause it hurts)?
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Language and Emotion: A complex relationship Language gives us context for understanding emotion… “furio us” “triumph ant”
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Language and Emotion: A complex relationship … but we often struggle to put our emotions into words
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Lecture Points What are the effects of using language to express our emotions? How do we use language to discuss emotions? How does emotion influence language?
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Using Language to Express Emotions Pennebaker’s diary studies (1997) “For the next 3 days, I would like for you to write about your very deepest thoughts and feelings about an extremely important emotional issue that has affected you and your life. I’d like you to really let go and explore your very deepest emotions and thoughts…all of your issues or experiences will be completely confidential.”
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Using Language to Express Emotions Associated with better physical and mental health Children better at labeling their emotional states were better at regulating negative emotions (Kopp, 1992)
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Benefits of Writing Therapy (Pennebaker, 1997)
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How does language influence emotion regulation? fMRI research by Lieberman et al. (2007) indicates decreased amygdala activation , and increased activation in the pre- frontal cortex , when using language to label emotional states
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Group 1 (Linguistic Task): Match facial expression to the label Group 2 (non-Linguistic Task): Match facial expression to a similar expression
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Less amygdala activation in the affect labeling condition Increased activation in the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (Lieberman et al., 2007)
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Using Language to Discuss Emotions By discussing emotions with their children, parents can: Help children to label and understand their emotional states (Dunn, Help children to understand the causes and consequences of
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Using Language to Discuss Emotions By discussing emotions with their children, parents can state expectations for appropriate emotional behavior “Big boys don’t cry” “It’s OK to be afraid” “You’re being silly – get out there”
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Do Emotional Discussions Vary Across Cultures? Wang et al. (2001, 2005, 2010) compared emotional discussions of American and Chinese/Chinese American families. (2001) Mothers and 3-y.o. children asked to discuss a specific event they had both participated in, and in which child experienced happiness, sadness, anger, or fear
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M Did you make a mistake?
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2012 for the course CHEMISTRY 1a taught by Professor Nitsche during the Fall '11 term at Southwestern.

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Lecture+20+_Language+and+Emotion_-1 - Psychology II Lecture...

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