N06Freud-Psychosexual-Psychosocial-Stages

N06Freud-Psychosexual-Psychosocial-Stages - EgoDevelopment...

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Ego Development:  Psychosexual (Freud) vs.  Psychsocial Stages (Erikson)
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Freud’s Psychosexual Stages During early development, children's behavior  often orients around certain body parts or  erogenous zones  (the libido derives energy from  these zones).    The child may experience failure or  reprimands   from its parents or society and may thus come to  associate  anxiety  with certain erogenous zones.  Fixation  occurs when the child becomes  preoccupied  with themes related to a certain  erogenous zone.
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Erik Erikson (1902-1994) Neo-Freudian (diverged from Freud) Not all conflicts take place in the unconscious;  different life stages pose different conflicts  De-emphasized importance of sexual drive Erikson’s Psycho social  vs. Freud’s psycho sexual   stages “Life span development” – stages from birth  through late adulthood
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Freud:   Oral  (0-1) Babies are limited in what  they can do. Breastfeeding/sucking reflex  (automatic impulse) Thumbsucking Explore things with mouth Mouth = only source of  pleasure 1 st  place “psychic energy” is  focused; ID dominates Ego and superego not fully  formed Fixation results from  parenting extremes  Too much gratification  –  child acts immaturely when  doesn’t get immediate  gratification  Too little gratification  – child  acts passively b/c think no  behavior will lead to  gratification Adult Manifestations Chewing gum/ice/pens  (aggressive) Smoking/kissing (passive)
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Erikson Basic trust vs. mistrust Infant learns whether wants/needs will be  met/ignored/overindulged by the caregiver Requires that parents provide “appropriate”  ratio of satisfaction to frustration Infant learns to trust caregiver (or not) “I’m crying, but mommy will come feed me  soon” “No amount of crying will bring food/love”
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Freud:   Anal  (2-3) Learning about reality--the  frustrating world Teeth come in, but can’t bite  mommy during feeding New expectations to control  bowels New abilities: mastery,  power, control  can control the urge to  defecate Id  derives pleasure from  expulsion;  Ego  and  Superego  represent the  practical and societal  pressures to control the  bodily functions.  Theme:  Parental demands for  obedience/self-control
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